Differentiated care, also known as differentiated service delivery (DSD), is a client-centred approach that simplifies and adapts HIV prevention, care and treatment to reflect the preferences and expectations of various groups of people living with and at risk of acquiring HIV while reducing unnecessary burdens on the health system. DSD is fundamentally client-centred, putting people who are living with or at risk of acquiring HIV at the centre of care. It applies across the HIV care continuum, although much emphasis to date has been placed on differentiated ART delivery.
Key populations, including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers and transgender people, are disproportionately affected by HIV and underrepresented in HIV testing and treatment programmes.
Despite the growing interest in DSD for key populations, there have been limited details from countries on differentiated ART delivery programmes specifically tailored for key populations. The International AIDS Society (IAS) is hosting this three-day global workshop in Cape Town, South Africa, on 5-7 February 2018 to share best-practice examples of differentiated service delivery for key populations.